By **Jay Walljasper**
City Garden in St. Louis draws happy families and new investment. Photo by Gewel Maker under a Creative Commons license.
At a time when city parks are suffering deep budget cuts, leaving recession-strapped American families with fewer choices for fun, there’s growing evidence that first-class park facilities may be a key to economic revitalization.
Ambitious park projects in struggling places like St. Louis, Detroit and central Houston are “bringing urban centers back to life,” according to a recent headline in the : Washington Post.
The jewel of downtown Detroit, which has sparked more than a half-million dollars of investment in adjoining blocks is “Campus Martius”:—a pocket park that had been reduced to little more than a concrete traffic island over decades of street widening in the Motor City. In 2004, however, it was transformed into a piazza of sorts by narrowing nearby streets, adding a fountain, café, landscaping, wintertime ice rink and a stage where more than 125 events are staged each year. The result: A vital truly public space that lured the Compuware computer firm and its four thousand employees from suburban Detroit to the heart of town.
The lesson from these three parks is that investing in public space—the original sense of the commons—is a boost not a drain on local budgets in these challenging economic times.
In St. Louis, “Citygarden”—two blocks of sculpture, lawns, fountains, wildflower gardens and strolling crowds near the St. Louis Arch that opened last year—has transformed abandoned warehouses in the neighborhood into fashionable lofts.
Two parking lots in a neglected corner of downtown Houston were tore up to create “Discovery Green” a 12.5 acre town square that brings a nucleus of urban energy to a sprawling city with performances, cafes, a pond, bocce court and a bookmobile. The site, opened in 2008 in the midst of the recession, has attracted a hotel and Houston’s first apartment tower in decades. In addition to downtown workers, out-of-town visitors and daytrippers from the suburbs, Town Green is enjoyed by residents of nearby low-income neighborhoods.
The lesson from these three parks is that investing in public space—the original sense of the commons—is a boost not a drain on local budgets in these challenging economic times. It’s a smart move that serves both local residents and prospective business ventures. That’s a win-win in anyone’s book.
Copyright 2010 Jay Walljasper
This essay originally appeared at Onthecommons.org.
Jay Walljasper is an editor at On The Commons. He is a writer who covers urban, community, environmental, cultural, international, and travel issues. His most recent book is the The Great Neighborhood Book, a guide to how people can change the world on their own block. He is a senior fellow at Project for Public Spaces and senior editor at Ode magazine and writes a blog on green cities for the National Geographic Green Guide and covers sustainable travel for National Geographic Traveler. For many years Jay was editor of Utne Reader.