Beirut, Lebanon. April 8th, 2016. View in Furn el Chebbak neighborhood. Photograph by Rita Kabalan.

Growing up, Beirut seemed to have a five-block radiusschool; my dad’s dairy store; greengrocers; the houses of friends. My area of Ain el-Rammaneha working-class neighborhoodwas home. It smelled like oranges. It was also on the frontline of the civil war that started in the 1975, one month and thirteen days after I was born, and officially ended in 1990. The capital Beirut was ground zero—split into East and West by the green line, where wild plants grew due to the absence of people. Ain el-Rammaneh was in the East. My dad would listen to the radio constantly, even as he slept. To wake him up, we would turn the machine off. It’s possible that his radio, along with his anxiety, is why we’re alive today.

We left that home several times.

Bekaa, Lebanon.
May 19th, 2016.

Ibrahim Shehab of Moftah Productions walking through a wheat field during a break.

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Bekaa, Lebanon.
May 28th, 2016.

During a shoot for Moftah Productions which was set up at a refugee camp in Bekaa, refugees decided to use the decorated set to swing. 

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Bekaa, Lebanon.
June 30th, 2016.

Delivery of statue of Jesus. Streets were empty during the fast breaking at sunset through the Muslim holiday month of Ramadan. 

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Bekaa, Lebanon.
July 30th, 2016.

Syrian refugee children in an unofficial camp. Refugees pay rent to landlords in order to have space for their tents. NGOs number them and tag them on google maps in order to keep track. I spoke to the landlord of this camp who surprisingly showed up. He had previously stopped allowing NGOs to come in and teach kids. He said he allows food and medicine only because he didn't like the noise the classes created. 

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Arsal, Lebanon.
August 11th, 2016.

Syrian refugee children play video games at a computer center in the camp.

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Beirut, Lebanon.
August 10th, 2016.

Picture of Saint Therese is placed next to electrical cords in the neighborhood of Ain el-Rammaneh. Typically done with the belief that it will maintain safety. The light bulb indicates whether the electricity is being received by the utility company or generators. Because generators cost more money, people will avoid using big appliances during those times. 

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Arsal, Lebanon.
August 11th, 2016.

Patient (right) arriving with her mother (left) to AMC Medical Center, a two story hospital in Arsal built and run by URDA, an NGO, where Syrian doctors as well as other medical professionals work. 

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Saida, Lebanon.
August 12th, 2016.

Ahmad Moftah driving to catch the meteor shower. 

Photograph by Rita Kabalan. Bekaa, Lebanon.
June 1st, 2016.

Syrian refugee children run with Emma Mathers who was a volunteer from California with Salam LADC, an NGO focusing on food, hygiene, and medical cases for Syrian refugees. Salam LADC also helped vulnerable Lebanese families in the Bekaa, sometimes providing them with livestock to sustain themselves. 

Photograph by Rita Kabalan.
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Bekaa, Lebanon. July 30th, 2016. Syrian refugee children in an unofficial camp. Refugees pay rent to landlords in order to have space for their tents. NGOs number them and tag them on google maps in order to keep track. I spoke to the landlord of this camp who surprisingly showed up. He had previously stopped allowing NGOs to come in and teach kids. He said he allows food and medicine only because he didn't like the noise the classes created. Photograph by Rita Kabalan.

My family spent two years up north in our village at my grandparents’ house to escape the fighting. Mazraat el Toufah (The Apple Orchard) is where I made my first memories. It’s also the place where I accidentally broke the radio’s flimsy battery cover and cried inconsolably because I falsely assumed this would cost me my dad’s love.

Years later, we sought refuge again, for several months, at my aunt’s home in the suburb of Naccache. It was my eighth birthday, and I demanded a celebration. Money was tight and driving was risky, so my mom found a bag of pistachios in my aunt’s fridge and used them to decorate a homemade cake. I threw a fit and sat under the table. I hated green and pistachios. My brother joined me and shared words of wisdom: “Why do you care what the cake looks like? Don’t you know what happens to cake after you eat it? It becomes khara (shit). In the end all cakes become khara.” I got up with renewed excitement. It was a true comfort to learn that in the end no child’s birthday cake was different from any other. This memory resurfaces oftencringe at the selfishness I harbored in that momentbut mine was also a child’s rebellion in the face of a war that killed 150,000 people over fifteen years and stopped those who managed to stay alive from truly living.

Mazraat el Toufah, North Lebanon. August 6th, 2016. Fireworks during the feast day of Saint Doumit. Photograph by Rita Kabalan.

The final time we left was in the fall of 1985, to the United States, when I was ten. My fourth-grade classmate, who sat behind me, asked if I was Mexican because I spoke with an accent. That January, the space shuttle Challenger exploded. It was announced on the school loud speaker and my teacher shed tears. I was confused and held my breath. Someone asked how many people died. I sighed with relief when I heard it was seven. Only seven. I understood that day, from the emotion around me, that these kids, along with my teacher, had not been around much death. Also, that seven was indeed seven lives too many.

I’ve travelled back to Lebanon frequently over the years, spending the majority of my time in our village up north. But in March 2016, I came with a specific purpose: to cover the Syrian refugee crisis and social issues in Lebanon. This was the first time I lived in Beirut as an adult, and an attempt to regain a part of my identityof being Beiruti, and being Lebanese. I rented a room in Furn el Chebbak (East Beirut) because it was surprisingly affordable and close to my old neighborhood.

But much of my time was spent in Hamra, which a relative of mine kept referring to as “West Beirut.” During my East Beirut childhood, the words “West Beirut” brought on a fear of the unknown, the enemy. Certainly I didn’t imagine the Hamra I came to know as an adult. The place my new friendswho helped me with everything from accessing refugee camps to finding a replacement car mirror for one I accidentally smashed on a rentallive and work in.

Beirut, Lebanon. April 28th, 2016. Pedestrians in my childhood neighborhood of Ain el-Rammaneh. Photograph by Rita Kabalan.

In my first days I came to Hamra by taking “a service.” That’s the Lebanese term for sharing a caba decades-old Uber pool. Negotiating with the driver before getting into the car is often like dating on Tinder. You lean in, check each other out, keep expectations low. You tell the driver where you’re headed. If he (most drivers are men) raises his head and eyebrows, it’s not a match, and he’ll drive off. If he nods or waves you in, it’s a go. Later, when I realized that most drivers in Furn el Chebbak didn’t feel like dealing with Hamra’s traffic, I learned to take the number 4 bus from Tayouneh, really a van which costs 66 cents. The sliding door is often left open, tied with a rope. Women generally sit next to women, and men next to men. The driver will keep either a rosary hanging on the mirror or Muslim prayer beads, with “Allah” written in sticker form on the window. Accidents are common.

I took a service for the last time at the end of my stay, having missed the bus. “Your tongue is heavy,” said the driver, meaning that I had an accent. My northern Lebanese accent, which I perfected with relatives in Buffalo, New York, is underscored with a bit of an American twang. “Where are you from?” he asked. I told him I was from Beirut. When he didn’t follow up, I added: “I’m also from a small village up north and am an American.” I expected him to question why on earth I’d chosen to come back to LebanonI was used to that responsebut he didn’t. He said: “Ah, so the world is your home! Well, welcome home.”

Rita Kabalan

Rita Kabalan is a Lebanese American photographer and photo book junkie. She’s based mostly in Brooklyn but can also be found in Buffalo and Beirut.

6 Comments on “In Lebanon, Seeking Refuge

  1. Rita, I loved your story. Well written. I laughed again at the bit about the birthday cake. That part never gets old for me.
    Michelle Begonja, Whitestone NY

  2. Rita,
    I loved reading your story. I love your passion in your writing and in your heritage. Thank you for sharing it with us. Miss you!!!!

  3. Thank you for sharing such a beautifully written article. The reference to your father and family clearly indicates how much they mean to you. Each and every detail gives us a closer glimpse to your childhood and upbringing. Oh and those photos, simply AMAZING!

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